Mare & Stallion studbook
The ICAMS Studbook
The International Curly Approved Mare & Stallion studbook (ICAMS)
is an international database administered by the ICHO Genesis Committee.
ICAMS is a Curly Horse studbook that will identify breeding quality
(breed-improving or above average) Curly Horses of all types. ICAMS provides
education to the membership, supports members in breeding quality Curly horses,
and facilitates breed genesis within types. Compatible inspections will use
1 - 10 scoring systems, and focus on form (conformation) as it relates to
function (performance), with emphasis on retaining the positive traits of
the North American Curly Horse.
Mission The mission of the International Curly Approved Mare and Stallion
studbook is to identify, recognize, type, and track breeding-quality Curly
Horses, and work towards breed status for the Curly Horse.
To produce hypoallergenic curly coated horses of various types - being
docile, friendly & people-oriented, w/
a naturally quiet & calm temperament
intelligent, trainable and with an outstanding
genetically healthy and disease-free
naturally sound, hardy & durable, with
substantive bone & excellent feet
athletic and smooth riding
and therefore very suitable for a variety
of uses in equestrian work, sports and leisure.
ICAMS Vision Goals (The goals deemed necessary to achieve the
to be an evaluation tool for breeders/sellers
to have their Curly Horse(s) or breeding program independently assessed
to be an evaluation tool for buyers to help
them objectively & accurately determine the level of quality &
suitability of Curly Horses being considered for possible purchase/
to be an evaluation tool to help establish
the (legally legitimate) market value of a Curly Horse
to provide support for maintaining & improving
the level of quality in Curly Horses
to establish one universally common evaluation
scoring system that is applicable to all types of Curly Horses
to support objective educational evaluations
using universal equine conformation ideals & standards
to identify horses meeting or exceeding set
levels of quality for breeding and/or specialized disciplines
to keep records on ICAMS approved Curly
To support preservation of North American
Curly Horse characteristics. This is valuable to breeders because breed traits
such as kind temperament, hardiness & substance of bone, when taken for
granted, can, over a surprisingly short time, be easily lost in the sincere
efforts to succeed in competitive horse sports or shows where open judges
are often the ones setting the standards, regardless of individual breed
General Plans for HOW to acheive these goals:
various other associations:
Breed-Associations (i.e., Austrian OzeP rare breeds stud book, German
sanctioned stud books, registries, associations that work w/ through/ under
(i.e. ECHR, NACHR etc.)
Associations (Sporthorse, Gaited, Western, Draft, Pony)
& evaluation programs that produce qualifying inspection
for consistent and comparable evaluations for all types of Curly Horses
A-Level Generational Tracking [tracking generations of approved horses]
which is most important to general non-specialized or all-around type Curly
breed status initiatives that fit internationally recognized criteria for
F-Level Generational Tracking [tracking breed genesis within specialized
& Light Draft Horse
an internationally recognized inspection criteria (protocol) for Curly
qualification criteria for ICAMS approved inspectors (Breeding & Judging
sanctioning criteria for scoring systems
Participation - Eligibility
Approved Stallions & Mares are eligible to
enter Main Breeding Division upon their 4th year of age.
Approved Geldings & Young Stock are eligible
to enter the Progeny or Non-Breeding Division at any age.
All approved horses must be registered with an
ICHO affiliated Curly Horse breed registry.
Basic Criteria for Inspections
Areas of Inspection:
||Initial physical examination to be performed
by Judge or on-site Veterinarian prior to evaluation. Identity is established.
Disqualifying heritable faults such as uneven bite & monorchidism in
stallions are checked for. Horse is photographed. Measurements are taken,
weight estimated, body score, cannon bone, hoof or shoe size, and any other
applicable observations are recorded.
|b) In hand Inspection
||Quality & Conformation is evaluated
in a halter class style inspection.
|c) At Liberty Inspection
||Free moving horse is evaluated; running
loose; free jumping-optional; alt. lounged.
|d) In Work Inspection
||Performance - ridden or driven class,
to display trainability, movement in work.
|e) Temperament Assessment
||Temperament display is combined within
scores in all areas of inspection.
|f) Breed Character Assessment
||Breed traits & breed character is
also judged in combination w/ scores in all areas of inspection.
|g) Type Assessment
||Judge indicates type when apparent, with
any accompanying commentary.
Areas of Record:
||ID records, DNA records, photographs,
pedigree, survey records, other miscellaneous records.
|b) Show Records
||Records from independently awarded
Associations, open Horse shows, or Performance records.
|c) Progeny Records
||Progeny scores may be computed from qualifying
inspection scores of DNA proven progeny.
ICAMS Minimum Approval Scores ... in a 1 -
10 scoring system
No single score below 5
Minimum average scores:
|Main Breeding Division:
|Progeny & Non-Breeding
Scorecards: In development
now, check back soon.
Public Property: All ICAMS approved horse scores
(in complete detail) are subject to publication and are available to ICHO
members upon request.
Judge Approval Process
in development now; check back soon
ICHO Curly Horse Evaluation
A Handbook for Breeders & Judges; final language and hard copy in development
now; check back soon.
Age of Horses by Their Teeth, Wayne Loch and Melvin Bradley Department
of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia
and Blemishes of Horses: Feet and Legs, Wayne Loch and Melvin Bradley
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia
and Blemishes of Horses: Head, Body, Respiratory Tract and Stable
Vices, Melvin Bradley Department of Animal Sciences, University of